Tag Archives: Communist Party

SOCIALISM – PART THREE (SOCIALISM VS. COMMUNISM)

This post is part three and the last in this series about socialism. The following will compare and contrast with socialism with communism. Communism is an extreme form of socialism. Many countries have dominant socialist political parties, but very few are truly communist. Socialism is sometimes used interchangeably with communism, but the two philosophies have some stark differences. While communism is a political system, socialism is primarily an economic system that can exist in various forms under a wide range of political systems.

The following will further outline the differences:

PHILOSOPHY

Communism: From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs. Free access to the articles of consumption is made possible by advances in technology that allow for super-abundance.

Socialism: From each according to his ability, to each according to his contribution. Emphasis on profit being distributed among the society or workforce to complement individual wages/salaries.

DEFINITION

Communism: International theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, with actual ownership ascribed to the community or state. Rejection of free markets and extreme distrust of Capitalism in any form.

Socialism: A theory or system of social organization based on the holding of most property in common, with actual ownership ascribed to the workers.

IDEAS

Communism: All people are the same and therefore classes make no sense. The government should own all means of production and land and also everything else. People should work for the government and the collective output should be redistributed equally.

Socialism: All individuals should have access to basic articles of consumption and public goods to allow for self-actualization. Large scale industries are collective efforts and thus the returns from these industries must benefit society as a whole.

KEY ELEMENTS

Communism: Centralized government, planned economy, dictatorship of the proletariat, common ownership of the tools of production, no private property, equality between genders and all people, international focus, anti-democratic. One party system.

Socialism: Economic activity and production especially are adjusted by the State to meet human needs and economic demands. Production for use; useful goods and services are produced specifically for their usefulness.

 

 

ECONOMIC SYSTEM

Communism: The means of production are held in common, negating the concept of ownership in capital goods. Production is organized to provide for human needs directly without any use for money. Communism is predicated upon a condition of material abundance.

Socialism: The means or production are owned by public enterprises or cooperatives, and individuals are compensated based on the principle of individual contribution. Production may variously be coordinated through either economic planning or markets.

POLITICAL SYSTEM

Communism: Usually takes the form of totalitarianism as Marx described in the Communist Manifesto. Cronyism common.

Socialism: Can coexist with different political systems. Most socialists advocate participatory democracy, some advocate parliamentary democracy, and Marxist-Lennists advocate Democratic centralism.

PRIVATE PROPERTY

Communism: Abolished. The concept of property is negated and replaced with the concept of commons and ownership with usership.

Socialism: Two kinds of property: Personal property, such as houses, clothing, etc. owned by the individual. Public property includes factories, and means of production owned by the State, but with worker control.

RELIGION

Communism: Abolished. All religious and metaphysics is rejected.

Socialism: Freedom of religion, but usually promotes secularism.

SOCIAL STRUCTURE

Communism: All class distinctions are eliminated.

Socialism: Class distinctions are diminished. Status derived more from political distinctions than the class distinctions. Some mobility.

FREE CHOICE

Communism: Either the collective vote or the state’s rulers make economic and political decisions for everyone else.

Socialism: Religion, jobs, and marriage are up to the individual. Compulsory education. Free, equal access to healthcare and education provided through a socialized system funded by taxation. Production decisions driven more by State decision than consumer demand.

ECONOMIC DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SOCIALISTS AND COMMUNISTS

In a socialist economy, the means or producing and distributing goods is owned collectively or by a centralized government that often plans and controls the economy. On the other hand, in a communist society, there is no centralized government, there is a collective ownership of property and the organization of labor for the common advantage of all members.

For a Capitalist society to transition, the first step is Socialism. From a capitalist system, it is easier to achieve the Socialist ideal where production is distributed according to people’s deeds (quantity and quality of work done). For Communism (to distribute production according to needs), it is necessary to first have production so high that there is enough for everyone’s needs. In an ideal Communist society, people work not because they have to, but because they want to and out of a sense of responsibility.

POLITICAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SOCIALISTS AND COMMUNISTS

Socialism rejects a class-based society. But socialists believe that it is possible to make the transition from capitalism to socialism without a basic change in the character of the state. They hold this view because they do not think of the capitalist state as essentially an institution for the dictatorship of the capitalist class, but rather as a perfectly good piece of machinery which can be used in the interest of whichever class gets command of it. No need, then, for the working class in power to smash the old capitalist state apparatus and set up its own, the march to socialism can be made step by step within the framework of the democratic forms of the capitalist state. Socialism is primarily an economic system so it exists in various degrees and forms in a wide variety of political systems.

On the other hand, communists believe that as soon as the working class and its allies are in a position to do so they must make a basic change in the character of the state; they must replace capitalist dictatorship over the working class with workers’ dictatorship over the capitalist class as the first step in the process by which the existence of capitalists as a class, but not as individuals, is ended and a classless society is eventually ushered in.

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With an avowed socialist running for president, I think it is important that voters have some idea about socialism. I also believe that while what Bernie Sanders says sounds great on the surface (soak the rich, substantive regulations on private businesses, womb to tomb access to healthcare and education), it doesn’t work l in the real world and leads to an overall decrease in prosperity. Millennials, who were never exposed to the horrors of Communism and were probably never taught economic history of this country, are embracing old, white, Bernie Sanders.

Except for the above paragraph, the contents of this article was taken from website: diffen.com.

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HAS THE DEMOCRAT PARTY BECOME THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE USA?

Former liberal (you might even say Marxist) turned conservative David Horowitz has published a ten-volume compendium of his writings on leftism, The Black Book of the American Left in November 2013. In a November 2013 speech at the Heritage Foundation, Mr. Horowitz described his transition from left to right, and discussed the short comings of a conservative movement unwilling to deal with the ugly realities of what the American left represents.

In his speech, Horowitz labeled himself “monomaniacal” in his focus on the left and its relation to communism. His parents self-identified themselves as progressives. The agenda was a Soviet America and the slogan of the communist party in those days was peace, jobs, democracy. Something like the liberals describe themselves in the 21st century.

The theme of Horowitz’s speech that day was how the communists had taken over the Democrat party. Horowitz goes on to point out that F. Scott Fitzgerald in The Great Gatsby describes the rich as people who break things and leave them for others to clean up. He thinks that’s a great description of the left and so do I. Remember what mess the individuals in the Clinton Administration left the White House in for the Bush administration personnel to clean up?

Horowitz goes on to indicate that the modern left had learned stealth from their failures in the sixties and that’s why they have succeeded now. Furthermore, Horowitz has pointed out that the right/conservatives have failed to acknowledge that reality. With respect to Obamacare, Horowitz railed against the language used by the left: “single-payer.” Instead, he said, “it is communism,” pointing out that it was state ownership of the means of production. He further indicated that the left hates the Constitution because Madison designed it to thwart the left.

Horowitz then analyzed what he claimed were the four features of leftist mentality. First, he said, the left and the right are on opposite sides for the fundamental divide of the modern age. He feels that the left believes that human beings are inherently good and infinitely malleable, and so can be shaped by proper state guidance. Conservative, by contrast, believe that human beings are responsible for social problems, and concentrating power in the hands of humans is dangerous.

I’m not sure whether I agree with Mr. Horowitz in the above paragraph. Actually, I think the left abhors human beings. They think that you as a human being are stupid to make your own decisions and need the “almighty” left to make you major decisions for you; decisions such as choosing you healthcare plans, choosing your retirement plan, choosing the food you eat, the care you drive, the type of dwelling in which you reside. I definitely think conservatives have a higher respect for their fellow human beings than liberals do.

Mr. Horowitz goes on to state that he feels that conservatives believe that human beings are responsible for social problems and concentrating power in the hand of humans in dangerous. Actually, we are all responsible for the social problems that plague this planet. We have all sinned and fallen short of the glory of God. Concentrating power in the hand of humans is dangerous? I’m just going to have to leave this one. Who are we to award power to with respect to how we govern ourselves on this planet. Though, government should be by the people and for the people, not the state. Liberals favor a more powerful government and believe that big government can solve our problems. In other words, people exist for the government. Conservative believe that government exists for the people.

Liberals believe that leftism is a crypto-religion. According to Horowitz, they see themselves as a savior People who believe that redemption will take place in this life and I will be a part of it, adhere to the philosophies of Adolph Hitler, and Mao…that’s the American left.

Horowitz also said that the left was characterized by “alienation from this country. What weakens America is actually good. Horowitz cited the Obama administration’s eager withdrawal from Iraq as evidence of the proposition: Obama betrayed every American who gave their life for the people of Iraq. Horowitz also slammed the Obama administration with regard to Benghazi. He indicate d that Benghazi is the most shameful act in the history of the American presidency.

Finally, in his speech, Mr. Horowitz said that the American left lie and you cannot be a leftist without lying about the most basic strategic facts about who you are. He further indicates that we are within reach of a totalitarian state in the country and dark day are ahead.

The right has to put a stop to it, pure and simple.

This article is a summary of an article posted on Brietbart.com entitled, Horowitz at Heritage Foundation: The Communist Party is the Democratic Party. I extend my deepest appreciation to brietbart.com.

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